Lake Champlain-Geology-Geography-History

 

Lake Champlain

Lake Champlain was created when glaciers receded from the valley between the Adirondacks, the Green and the White Mountains. Much of the shore of the lake is rocky: either cliffs with natural steps or rocky/pebble beaches. We are on a cedar bluff overlooking Lake Champlain as it turns a slight corner and opens up to the broad lake. Northerly winds have helped to shape our side of the lake and we are subject to high water in the spring – sometimes well into the summer.

Geology

“The precursor to Lake Champlain formed about 200 million years ago. At that time the stretching of continents caused a massive piece of bedrock to fall down between two parallel faults forming a deep canyon known as a graben valley.”

-Lake Champlain Committee

https://www.lakechamplaincommittee.org/learn/natural-history-lake-champlain/

Resources

Explore Vermont Geology

This talk focuses on how the fascinating bedrock geology of Vermont was formed some 500 million years ago during plate tectonic movements, continental collisions, and mountain building.

http://dec.vermont.gov/geological-survey/vermont-geology

Geography

https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/usstates/vtland.htm

History – Samuel de Champlain – Valcour Island Bluff Point LighthouseThe Battle of Lake ChamplainArnold’s Bay (Benedict Arnold)

Natural History of Lake Champlain

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